Heather Kline

Dr. Heather Kline

Research Engineer I

Tel: +1 (757) 864-1144

Email: heather.kline@nianet.org

Heather Kline


  • Ph.D., Stanford Leland Jr. University, 2017
  • Masters, Stanford Leland Jr. University, 2013
  • B.S. Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 2011

Work Experience

  • National Institute of Aerospace Research Engineer I, 2017-present
  • NASA Space Technology Research Fellow & Visiting Technologist, 2013 – 2016
  • NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Intern, 2011
  • NASA Langley Research Center Intern, 2010

Research Areas/Expertise

  • Boundary Layer Stability and Transition under Thermochemical Nonequilibrium
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Multidisciplinary Gradient-Based Shape Optimization

Current Research

Enhancement of LASTRAC Code for Boundary Layer Transition Analysis

Incorporation of both chemical and thermal equilibrium and nonequilibrium models into the LASTRAC code in order to extend its applicability to hypersonic flows, with an interface for user-defined thermochemical models in order to be compatible with external models and future developments.


Kline, H.L., Chang, C.-L., and Li, F. “ Boundary Layer Stability and Transition in a Chemically Reacting Martian Atmosphere using LASTRAC.” in Proceedings of the  22ndAIAA International Space Planes and Hypersonic Systems and Technologies Conference, 17-19 September 2018, Orlando, Florida

Kline, H.L., Chang, C.-L., and Li, F. “Hypersonic Chemically Reacting Boundary-Layer Stability using LASTRAC.” in Proceedings of the 2018 Fluid Dynamics Conference. 25-29 June 2018, Atlanta, Georgia

Kline, H.L. “The Continuous Adjoint Method for Multi-Fidelity Hypersonic Inlet Design.” PhD diss., Stanford University, 2017.

Kline, H.L. & Alonso, J.J. Adjoint of Generalized Outflow-Based Functionals Applied to Hypersonic Inlet Design, AIAA Journal, Vol. 55, No. 11 (2017) pp. 3903-3915.

Kline, H.L., Economon, T.D., and Alonso, J.J. “Multi-Objective Optimization of a Hypersonic Inlet Using Generalized Outflow Boundary Conditions in the Continuous Adjoint Method.” in Proceedings of the 54th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting. 4-8 January 2016, San Diego, California

Sanchez, R., et al. “Assessment Of The Fluid-Structure Interaction Capabilities For Aeronautical Applications Of The Open-Source Solver SU2.” in Proceedings of the ECCOMAS Congress. 5-10 June2016, Crete Island, Greece

Sanchez, R., et al. “Towards a Fluid-Structure Interaction solver for problems with large deformations within the open-source SU2 suite.” in Proceedings of the 57th AIAA/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural  Dynamics, and Materials Conference. 4-8 January, 2016, San Diego, California

Kline, H.L., et al. “Adjoint-Based Optimization of a Hypersonic Inlet.” in Proceedings of the 22nd AIAA Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference. 22-26 June 2015, Dallas, Texas

Kline, H.L., Palacios, F., and Alonso, J.J. “Sensitivity of the Performance of a 3-Dimensional Hypersonic Inlet to Shape Deformations.” in Proceedings of the 19th AIAA International Space Planes and Hypersonic Systems and Technologies Conference. 16-20 June 2014, Atlanta, Georgia

Balaram, B., et al. “Physics-Based Simulator for NEO Exploration Analysis & Modeling” in Proceedings of AIAA Space 2011 Conference & Exposition. 27-29 September 2011, Long Beach, California